This article is an examination of the first response emergency agencies within the State of California and the Federal Government. The objective was to determine how effective physical fitness and training is for first response emergency personnel. Within this work, a brief outline of the history of each emergency response agency is given. In addition, an in-depth description of physical fitness requirements and protocols for graduation are provided. Through the comparison of each agency on a detailed level, this research was able to discover whether or not the State of California was meeting or exceeding Federal physical fitness standards for the population of first response emergency personnel. Through in-depth comparison, it found that certain agencies lack a national governing doctrine that would aid agencies in their efforts to establish more comprehensive training programs. As a result of the lack of a national governing doctrine, agencies have failed in helping their first responders maintain physical prowess; thereby putting them at great risk.
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Grace, L. M. (2012). Training and education for first response emergency personnel: An examination of physical fitness requirements for the State of California and the Federal Government. Journal of Homeland Security Education, 1(2), 29-41, https://jsire.org/training-and-education-for-first-response-emergency-personnel-an-examination-of-physical-fitness-requirements-for-the-state-of-california-and-the-federal-government