Turning concepts into practice in an asynchronous online learning environment is a formidable undertaking. Adopting the strategic crisis leadership model to provide an organizing concept for a class called Leading in Crisis, a virtual tabletop exercise was developed so that students could apply the concepts in a basic exercise. Student surveys confirmed that the exercise was worthwhile and contributed to their learning. 


George Schwartz

George Schwartz, Ed.D., is an Associate Professor and Bachelor’s Degree in Emergency Planning and Management Program Director at Immaculata University. He is a retired senior Army officer with over 30 years of service overseas and in the homeland, including leading National Guard units during domestic response operations. His research interests include crisis management, the political dimension of emergency management, and national security.

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No. 9 Turning Concept into Practice: Preparing Undergraduate Students to Manage Crises Utilizing a Virtual Tabletop Exercise