Collaboration is a vital skill for intelligence practice, and optimizing team learning environments is one way to ensure students succeed as intelligence professionals. This research sought to understand what factors most effectively facilitate effective collaboration in team-based learning and problem-based pedagogies. Using the Team-Based Learning Student Assessment Instrument, the researchers asked students from two cohorts: problem-solving and team-based, to identify their preferences and recall from team-based and problem-based lessons. Both cohorts preferred team-based pedagogies and reported better recall from team-based pedagogies. The findings suggest that student engagement and collaboration skills can be cultivated in academic settings, especially team-based collaborative approaches. 


Brooke Shannon

Brooke Shannon is an Assistant Professor of Intelligence Studies at Mercyhurst University. Professor Shannon is a former U.S. Air Force Intelligence Analyst. She holds a Ph.D. in Information Science and Learning Technologies from the University of Missouri, an M.A. in International and Comparative Politics from Wright State University and a B.A. in Psychology with Distinction from Columbia College.

Leslie Guelcher

Leslie Guelcher is an Assistant Professor of Intelligence Studies at Mercyhurst University. Before teaching, Professor Guelcher was a marketing and technology director for non-profit and for-profit organizations, an anti-money laundering analyst for Chase Bank, and an anti-counterfeiting investigations team lead. She holds a DCJ from California University of Pennsylvania, an MBA from Pennsylvania State University, an M.S. in Applied Intelligence from Mercyhurst University, and a B.A. in Communications from Marymount University of Virginia.

Matthew T. Weaver

Matthew T. Weaver is an Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of Psychology at Mercyhurst University. Professor Weavers's academic interests include behavioral neuroscience, addiction studies, research design, and statistics. He earned a Ph.D. from the University of Florida, completed postdoctoral training at the University of Pittsburgh, and a B.S. from Allegheny College. Professor Weaver's honors include the 2013 APA Division 25 Young Researcher Award and the 2009 APA: Division 25 Basic Dissertation Award.

Mackenon Fife

Mackenon Fife is a Competitive Business Intelligence Analyst in the Innovation Entente Lab at Mercyhurst University and a Competitive and Business Intelligence Program student at Mercyhurst University. 

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No. 7 Comparing Student Perceptions of Accountability, Preference for Team Learning, and Satisfaction in Team-Based Learning Versus Problem-Based Learning in a U.S. Intelligence Studies Program