On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization characterized COVID-19 as a pandemic (World Health Organization, 2020). COVID-19 changed everything. Our lexicons were expanded to include terms such as essential workers, Zoom, Zoombombing, and social distancing. Essential workers including healthcare, first responder, and grocery workers continued to work on the frontlines while others pushed forward on virtual web conferencing and other platforms. Social distancing, perhaps a more appropriate term is physical distancing, refers to a set of non-pharmaceutical interventions or measures intended to prevent the spread of contagious diseases (Center for Disease Control, 2020). College professors, administrators, and staff generally fell into the nonessential workers category (Department of Homeland Security, 2020). So began higher education’s journey into the rapidly evolving virtual world of the 21st


Michael Larrañaga

Michael Larrañaga, PhD. is the President and Managing Principal of R.E.M. Risk Consultants, a safety, security, and risk management consulting firm. Dr. Larrañaga is an appointed member of the Scientific/Technical Advisory Committee of the World Trade Center Health Program of the CDC and serves on the Department of Homeland Security Opioid Working Group for field detection of fentanyl and related compounds. He is a co-founder of the “HSx – Advanced Thinking in Homeland Security” program at the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School’s Center for Homeland Defense and Security.

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Introduction to Volume 10: Homeland Security Academics Adapt to COVID-19